Argumentative writing tends to be one of the most frequently required academic skills. It always takes its honorable place among other types of high school or college essays. However, unlike some of them, an argumentative essay relates to the advanced academic writing level for a few reasons. We are going to discuss them below.
In such a case, the advanced level implies not only following the English language spelling and grammar rules almost automatically. Students are also supposed to possess rich vocabulary and to operate it properly. Besides, they should have and know how to use their own research and analytical skills in order to meet the requirements of the writing styles determined by the advanced academic level.
If that sounds too complicated, here we are to put everything simply and clearly. Let's go!
What Is Difficult About an Innocent Argumentative Essay?
In order to find out what exactly makes argumentative assignments so complex, now we are going to make a little investigation. We need to think about all those different aspects which can be involved into this type of writing.
The Essence of Argumentative Writing
That's right: this type of essays is mostly about arguments and argumentation. To be more precise, a good argumentative essay covers several different or even opposite points of view regarding some controversial issue. Although the author of such essay should stick to one of them and prove it to the reader, he or she can't omit presenting the opponents' opinions. What is more, as the author you should take into consideration that your reader can also become your direct opponent. So your main task is to provide enough arguments to maintain your opinion.
Prewriting Stage and Its Main Strategies
As a particular type of academic texts, the essay is not difficult to write. It is relatively short. It doesn't require references and some other writing standards unlike an article, for example. Nevertheless, in order to manage the argumentative essay, you need to be prepared in advance.
- Firstly, you should have a topic.
- Secondly, you need to search for reliable information on the issue you're going to discuss. Remember that you should mention and describe different opinions, and not stop only on your personal one.
- Thirdly, you should shape your own view on the matter you're writing about basing on your personal morality, knowledge and life experience. Besides, you need to know for sure with what facts and numbers you can support it.
Structural Logic and Interconnections
After you have come up with your own ideas as well as found out more about different counter-evidences, you should place them all in a logical order. In addition, you must connect them with each other, so that you didn't get confused and didn't confuse your reader by contradictions in cause and effect relationship, sequence of events and so on.
Building the Argumentative Essay in a Right Way
In case it's really difficult for you to imagine what your essay should cover and how to divide all the pieces of information between several paragraphs, Harvard College Online Writing Center recommends successively answering three main questions regarding:
- what you're writing about;
- how it can be;
- why you're writing about it.
After you have answered these questions, you can move to making a carefully-thought outline for your essay.
Of course, its main thrust is actually an introduction or a presentation of the issue you've devoted the essay to. However, this presentation should consist of three essential elements which will evoke your reader's interest to the following text.
- Insert a hook into the first sentence. This is what you grab the reader's attention with. Let it be a piece of the latest news, a general statement of current events or even an anecdote. Try to present in an original way. Go beyond factual and chronological dryness.
- Background is significant. Provide more details for the topic you're on.
- State your opinion in the thesis. This is the base which can help you build your arguments and withstand counter-evidences.
Body Paragraph for Developing Your Arguments
Certainly, there can and should be more than one body paragraph in which you will pose your arguments. Open each argument with a claim and support it with the real, factual and reliable information from sources with the same characteristics.
Body Paragraph for Refuting Counter-Arguments
The number of these paragraphs can also vary, depending on the number of your counter-arguments. At first, you should state an opposing view. Then you should use logical and reasonable evidence to refute it.
In the end, you should complete two tasks.
- Firstly, again you should refer to your intro and restate the idea you've provided there.
- Secondly, make your reader think about how it all could be if your ideas or arguments were or were not implemented. Draw a clear picture of the ramifications to make your position even more reasonable.